Red Palm Oil from Crude Palm Oil Refinement Using The Acid Degumming Method

Authors

  • Hendra Saputra Politeknik Kelapa Sawit Citra Widya Edukasi
  • Azhar Basyri Rantawi Politeknik Kelapa Sawit Citra Widya Edukasi
  • Ahdiat Leksi Siregar Politeknik Kelapa Sawit Citra Widya Edukasi
  • Istianto Budhi Rahardja Institut Teknologi Perusahaan Listrik Negara
  • Dimas Frananta Simatupang Politeknik Teknologi Kimia Industri

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59890/ijarss.v2i6.1957

Keywords:

CPO, Refinery, Acid Degumming, RPO

Abstract

Red Palm Oil (RPO) is the result of refining Crude Palm Oil (CPO). In further processing to obtain cooking oil, several processes are undergone to produce a clear oil, which is very different from its original product, CPO. RPO is rich in beta-carotene and its refining process does not include bleaching. The production of RPO utilizes the acid degumming method with different acid variations, namely phosphoric and sulfuric acid, with varying concentrations of 0.05% and 0.075%. The results showed that the average percentage of RPO produced reaches 44.05%. Furthermore, the quality analysis of RPO also meets the SNI-3741-1995 standards (quality standard of cooking oil), with the average of free fatty acid value of 1.41% (max 3%), peroxide value of 1.04 mg oxygen/100 g (max 1.6 mg oxygen/100 g), and moisture value of 0.04% (max 0.3%).

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Published

2024-06-21

How to Cite

Saputra, H., Rantawi, A. B., Siregar, A. L., Rahardja, I. B., & Simatupang, D. F. (2024). Red Palm Oil from Crude Palm Oil Refinement Using The Acid Degumming Method. International Journal of Applied Research and Sustainable Sciences, 2(6), 455–464. https://doi.org/10.59890/ijarss.v2i6.1957

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